Zakaria suggests that Pakistan’s roots may hold part of the problem:
“The Pakistani scholar-politician Husain Haqqani tells in his brilliant history, Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, how the government’s jihadist connections go back to the country’s creation as an ideological, Islamic state and the decision by successive governments to use jihad both to gain domestic support and to hurt its perennial rival, India.”
‘Those [terrorist groups] that threaten and attack the people of Pakistan have suffered the wrath of the Pakistani Army. But then there are groups that threaten and attack only Afghans, Indians, and Westerners—and those groups have largely been left alone.’
A few thoughts:
1. One moving piece of this puzzle is the use of American military force to quell terrorist activities, or extreme and violent groups whose goal is to cause terror, strike at Western and other targets, and enact violence wherever possible. It’s obvious that these groups vastly overstep the bounds of reasonable action (beyond legitimate grievance and a response to injustice which works against genuine understanding, and also uses religious claims to justify such actions). We have our national security at risk, which is probably the main reason we continue in the AfPak engagement, but the use of military force has other consequences that are worthy of long term consideration. What are other ways of containing terror? Are they working? Where are the Europeans?
2. Another piece is Muslim immigration to Western societies for economic and educational opportunity, and how those countries have and haven’t successfully integrated them (for Muslims certainly bring their religion with them; coming from countries that do not have freedom of speech, separation of Church and State, and not often representative government as we mostly know them). One of my main interests is the failure of Western multiculturalism and excessive relativism to maintain a reasonable outlook which serves the people of these Western countries in handling that influx.
3. Another moving piece is the availability of technology for communication, travel, weaponry, and training which has made the world quite small, and much more interconnected.
Any thoughts and comments are welcome…
Also On This Site: What map are you using to understand this conflict: From The American Interest Online: Francis Fukuyama On Samuel Huntington
Ayan Hirsi Ali has used the ideals of the West (especially women’s rights) to potentially confront Islam; which has served her politically as well: Repost-Ayan Hirsi Ali At The CSM: ‘Swiss Ban On Minarets Was A Vote For Tolerance And Inclusion’
Is Islam incompatibile with freedom as we define it here in the West, or is this a false choice?: From YouTube: Roger Scruton On Religious Freedom, Islam & Atheism…