Aristotle, as his student, counters Plato’s arguments for an existence of a ideal world of forms, and an immutable soul. He can also offer serious opposition to the perhaps unnecessary material vs. spiritual dichotomy we often find ourselves in modern times. Also discussed is his ethics, which unlike utilitarian (happiness) or Kantian (categorical imperative) moral philosophies do not rely wholly on a set of supremely abstract principles to which the full range of human experience would be bound (at least in the same manner).
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Here’s Nietzsche scholar J.P. Stern on Nietzsche’s anti-Christian, anti-secular morality (Kant, utilitarians), anti-democratic, and anti-Greek (except the “heroic” Greek) biases…
Some discussion of Plato: Repost: From the Cambridge Companion To Plato-T.H. Irwin’s “Plato: The intellectual Background’